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SSH without a password

Note: This has been testing on a mac, but should work from other unix based systems.

How to do it

First log in on A (your machine) as user a and generate a pair of authentication keys. Do not enter a passphrase:

user@A:~> ssh-keygen -t rsa

Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/home/a/.ssh/id_rsa):
Created directory '/home/a/.ssh'.
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
Enter same passphrase again:
Your identification has been saved in /home/a/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /home/a/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
3e:4f:05:79:3a:9f:96:7c:3b:ad:e9:58:37:bc:37:e4 a@A

Now use ssh to create a directory ~/.ssh as user b on B. (The directory may already exist, which is fine):

a@A:~> ssh b@B mkdir -p .ssh

b@B's password:

Finally append a’s new public key to b@B:.ssh/authorized_keys and enter b’s password one last time:

a@A:~> cat .ssh/id_rsa.pub | ssh b@B 'cat >> .ssh/authorized_keys'

b@B's password:

From now on you can log into B as b from A as a without password:

a@A:~> ssh b@B

In your mac home directory, create a simple bash script called arc to log in easily:

echo '#!/bin/bash' > arcca
echo 'ssh username@ravenlogin.arcca.cf.ac.uk' >> arcca
chmod +x arcca

To login you can then just type

~/arcca