Neurology

Posted 3 weeks ago by Wales Gene Park

A Phase 2 open label study evaluating the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of AL001 in participants with a Granulin mutation or C9orf72 mutation causative of frontotemporal dementia.

 Behavioral Variant of Frontotemporal Dementia

Posted 3 weeks ago by Wales Gene Park

This study is part of a series of projects to develop and test new vaccines for meningitis. Previously researchers have given nose drops containing N. lactamica to over 350 volunteers, and shown that many of them (35-60%) can become colonised with N. lactamica and become resistant to becoming colonised with N.meningitidis without causing any illness or disease. In the future the study team would like to find out how N.lactamica helps children resist N.meningitidis, and develop new vaccines that exploit that mechanism.

 Bacterial Meningitis /  Southampton

Posted 3 weeks ago by Wales Gene Park

One person in every 500 has Parkinson's and around 127,000 people are living with the condition in the UK. The aim of the study is to identify new genes that predispose or cause Parkinson's Disease or Parkinsonism. There is a pressing need to study the genetic makeup of family members both with and without Parkinson's. As families share a common genetic background, it is easier to find new Parkinson's genes by studying the genetic makeup of people with Parkinson's alongside other members of their families. We are particularly interested in studying the genetic makeup of two groups of people: those who developed Parkinson's before the age of 45; and those who have a family history of other relatives affected by Parkinson's. By identifying genetic factors that cause Parkinson's, we hope to understand more about the condition. Doing so will lead to the development of better diagnosis, improved disease models, and...

 Autosomal Recessive Juvenile Parkinson Disease /  London

Posted 3 weeks ago by Wales Gene Park

This is a multinational, multicenter, open-label, rater-blinded prospective Phase II study which will assess the safety and efficacy of N-Acetyl-L-Leucine (IB1001) for the treatment of Ataxia-Telangiectasia (A-T). There are two phases to this study: the Parent Study, and the Extension Phase. The Parent Study evaluates the safety and efficacy of N-Acetyl-L-Leucine (IB1001) for the symptomatic treatment of A-T. The Extension Phase evaluates the long-term safety and efficacy of IB1001 for the neuroprotective, disease-modifying treatment of A-T.

 Ataxia Telangiectasia /  Cambridge

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

This study will evaluate the efficacy, safety, and biomarker effects of RO7234292 (RG6042) compared with placebo in patients with manifest Huntington's disease (HD).

 Huntington's Disease /  Cardiff

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

This study will evaluate the long-term safety and tolerability of RO7234292 (RG6042) in participants who have completed other F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Ltd.-sponsored and/or Genentech-sponsored studies in the Huntington's disease (HD) in the development program for RG6042. Entry into the study should occur at the time the participant completes participation in one of the preceding studies. Upon completion of the inclusion visit, eligible patients will receive either RO7234292 (RG6042) every 8 weeks (Q8W) or RO7234292 (RG6042) every 16 weeks (Q16W) by bolus intrathecal injection.

 Huntington's Disease /  Cardiff

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

European Integrated Project on the Spinocerebellar Ataxias (EUROSCA) recruiting participants at the London Specialist Ataxia Centre This is a multi-centre European project that started due to funding from the European Commission in 2008. One of the ongoing aims of this European collaboration is to establish a database containing clinical and genetic information from patients with a group of spinocerebellar ataxias. This will be the largest registry of patients with such rare diseases. The focus is specifically on SCA1, SCA2, SCA6 and SCA7. The Centre is also in a similar project on SCA3.  

 Ataxia /  London

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) can be used to take a variety of pictures of the brain. Researchers at Cardiff University have developed new methods to look in more detail at each of the brain regions. They are conducting a study that aims to improve their understanding of these new measurements, and how they relate to changes in the brain. To achieve this, they plan to carry out scans of healthy volunteers and of patients with movement disorders.  They aim to recruit 20 people diagnosed with movement disorders and 20 healthy volunteers, and are specifically looking to include patients with SCA2 and SCA6. The researchers hope that this study will contribute towards being better able to monitor individuals with movement disorders, specifically ataxias, and may be helpful when planning future trials. Participants would need to travel to Cardiff but travel expenses will be provided

 Ataxia /  Cardiff

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

CASTLE - Changing Agendas on Sleep, Treatment and Learning in Childhood Epilepsy The CASTLE study is focused on Rolandic epilepsy which is the most common type of epilepsy – affecting about one-sixth of all children with epilepsy in the UK – that means over 10,000 people! We use the simple term “rolandic epilepsy” although you may also hear it referred to as “benign rolandic epilepsy” or “benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes.” Children with Rolandic epilepsy find that their learning, sleep, behaviour, self-esteem and mood are also often affected, and the condition can cause stress in the family.

 Rolandic epilepsy /  London

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Approximately 25% of children with epilepsy have “Rolandic Epilepsy” or RE, also known as Benign Epilepsy with Centrotemporal Spikes (BECTS). RE is diagnosed with the help of an electroencephalograph (EEG) or brainwave test. Children with RE quite often have other symptoms that affect their speech, attention, reading ability or coordination. We know that RE has a genetic basis and we recently discovered the genetic cause of the EEG pattern seen in RE. The goal of REGAIN is to now find the genetic basis for susceptibility to seizures and the associated symptoms above. Our hope is to be able to improve diagnosis and understand why each child with RE is different, and perhaps point us towards new treatments that are more effective and have fewer side effects. We will compare the genetic code of 3,000 children with RE against a similar number of people not affected by epilepsy. With the proposed...

 Rolandic epilepsy /  London

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Epileptic Encephalopathies Longitudinal Multicentre Omics Epilepsies that seriously affect the normal development of cognition and behavior are termed “epileptic encephalopathies” (EEs). Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS), Continuous Spikes in Slow-Wave Sleep (CSWSS) and Benign Focal Epilepsy of Childhood with Status Epilepticus during Sleep (BFEC-SES) are EEs that affect children 3-9 years old. The cause of 80% of these EEs is unknown and the course of disease is highly variable. Some children respond to treatment with high dose steroids or benzodiazepine class of drugs; however, the response cannot be predicted ahead of time and some children suffer serious side effects or fail to respond to treatment. The purpose of this study is to find new causes for these EEs and to find markers in the blood that predict the course of disease and response to treatment. Hopefully the results will help us develop tests that accurately predict which treatments will work in patients...

 Myoclonic epilepsy of infancy /  London

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

The DOMINO-HD study (Multi-Domain Lifestyle Targets for Improving ProgNOsis) is exploring how digital technologies, such as wearable fitness trackers, can be used to support people with Huntington’s disease (HD). Huntington’s disease (HD) is an inherited neurological condition that causes difficulties with movement and coordination. It also causes cognitive impairment that gets worse over time. Symptoms usually develop when people are between 30 and 50 years old and dementia can occur at any stage of the condition. There are currently no treatments for the condition. Current research suggests strong potential for improving quality of life for those living with neurodegenerative diseases, such as HD, with novel health and social care concepts, and innovations focusing on the preservation of dignity, independence and social inclusion. However, the availability and quality of such services vary considerably across Europe and beyond. The programme seeking to improve quality of life for people with Huntington’s disease. Huntington’s is a...

 Huntington's Disease /  Cardiff University

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Dementia is one of the major health issues facing medicine today, with an increasing number of patients due to a steadily ageing population. Much of what we know about the molecular basis of the various forms of dementia is due to studying rare inherited forms, caused by abnormalities (mutations) in the genes coding for several proteins, including the amyloid precursor protein, Presenilin 1 and 2, progranulin and tau. A major research issue when studying these disorders has been the lack of a valid cell model faithfully replicating the human disease. Recent advances in stem cell technology provide a method with which to develop novel, patientderived cell models for neuronal dysfunction in the dementias. We can take skin biopsies (fibroblasts) from patients who carry dementiacausing mutations and use a combination of factors to cause them to become stem cells. These induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS cells) can then be differentiated into...

 Late onset familial alzheimer's disease

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

We are carrying out research into conditions that affect the brain and / or the immune system. The disorders that we are interested in most likely arise due to changes in genes (or DNA); genes are like recipe books, telling the cells in our body how to make chemicals called proteins. The aim of our work is to understand how changes in the genes and proteins involved in these conditions cause disease. This is not understood at present, and so this research will provide new and important information. We believe that a better understanding of the cause of these diseases will bring us closer to developing ‘smart’ treatments for people affected by, or at risk of, these genetic conditions. The study is likely to take several years to complete and there may be no direct benefit from this research to your child. There would also not be any financial benefit....

 Neurology /  University Hospital of Wales

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Opsoclonus myoclonus syndrome (OMS) is a rare disorder of the nervous system (incidence 1/5 million/year) with onset usually in the second year of life. It presents as jerky movements of the eye (opsoclonus) and body (myoclonus), with ataxia, irritability and sleep disturbance, and is associated with subsequent learning, movement and behavioural problems. About 50% of children with OMS have an underlying neuroblastoma and it seems likely that it is an immune-mediated, sometimes paraneoplastic, condition. Steroids, often supplemented with other immunosuppressants, are the primary treatment but there is limited evidence for drug choice and dosage and little knowledge of the relationship between early symptomatic response and later cognitive outcome. This study will examine drug response of OMS children, with and without NB. 100 children (15 from the UK), recruited over 3 years across 8 European countries, will be treated with an escalating 3-step schedule. All will receive a pulse of dexamethasone...

 Opsoclonus Myoclonus Syndrome /  Wales Wide

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Huntington’s disease (HD) commonly begins in mid-life. However, research over the last 20 years has demonstrated that subtle behavioural and cognitive changes can occur 10 years or more before a formal clinical diagnosis is made, and recent studies have demonstrated the presence of changes on brain imaging 20 years prior to predicted onset of the disease in individuals who are clinically completely normal. This has prompted the question “is the brain ever normal in HD?”. Answering this question and characterising any such changes will be important for A full understanding of the genetic and cellular processes leading to the death of specific brain cells in HD Revealing new therapeutic targets Judging the stage at which various disease-modifying treatments (once available) should be used in clinical trials With the promise of disease-modifying treatments on the horizon, ranging from drugs to infusions of RNAi/ASOs (molecules to suppress the formation of the toxic mutant...

 Huntington's Disease /  Cardiff University

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

PFP is a UK wide study looking at finding new Parkinson’s genes so that we can understand the causes of the disease better and develop new treatments. The study involves a single visit that takes about 2 hours. You can come in to the study site, or take part remotely if your local GP is able to collect blood samples for the project.

 Rare types of Parkinson's disease /  Llandudno General Hospital

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Enroll-HD is a global observational study for Huntington’s disease families The purpose of this study is to collect information from study participants, allowing researchers to understand more about the disease, with the aim of accelerating the discovery and development of potential treatments for Huntington's Disease (HD). It will monitor how the disease appears and changes over time in different people; those who have a clinical diagnosis and those who are at-risk of developing the disease. ENROLL-HD also collects information from HD family members and carers.  

 Huntington's Disease /  Cardiff University


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