Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park
There are numerous rare (ie less than 1:2000) lichenoid and scarring skin disorders that may affect skin, oral cavity, genitalia, scalp, hair or nails. Depending on the nature of the area involved, the disease may present with intensely itchy or sore inflamed areas and may lead to scarring, onychodystrophy or alopecia. The management of rare lichenoid and scarring skin disorders and rare alopecias is invariably challenging and the prognosis is highly variable. Rare diseases are generally understudied and poorly understood and current treatment strategies are generally inadequate. There is ample evidence that there is an unexplored genetic component underlying many rare skin disorders and this study aims to identify genetic mutations associated with rare forms of lichenoid inflammation, scarring and alopecia and correlate these with the observable clinical characteristics.