Cardiff

Posted 6 days ago by Wales Gene Park

The aim of the study is to create an international database of psychiatric and cognitive data on children with 22q11.2 deletion, 22q11.2 duplication, as well as 16p11.2 deletion and duplication. The project is led by the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. Cardiff University is the coordinating site for the United Kingdom.

 Genetics /  Cardiff University

Posted 2 months ago by Wales Gene Park

This is a multicenter, prospective, randomized, controlled phase III trial designed to assess the clinical performance of gemcitabine with cisplatin and observation vs. standard of care (observation alone in stage 1 and capecitabine and observation in stage 2) in patients after curative intent resection of BTC including an embedded sub-study for R1 resected patients receiving additional chemoradiation.

 Bile Duct Cancers /  Velindre Cancer Centre

Posted 2 months ago by Wales Gene Park

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pemigatinib versus gemcitabine plus cisplatin chemotherapy in first-line treatment of participants with unresectable or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma with FGFR2 rearrangement.

 Bile Duct Cancers /  Velindre Cancer Centre

Posted 2 months ago by Wales Gene Park

Anaplastic thyroid cancer has historically proven very difficult to research due to a combination of its rarity and the associated short survival period for those affected. In 2009, 2340 patients in the UK were diagnosed with thyroid cancer with 70-90 expected to be the anaplastic subtype 1,2. For these patients average life expectancy is in the range of 2-6 months with only a very small number surviving for more than one year. It is a highly aggressive form of cancer that is refractory to current treatment options. By collecting tissue and blood samples along with clinical data across the UK we will be able to accumulate numerically significant numbers of samples and data points which will facilitate research opportunities. Researchers will be encouraged to apply for access to the collected samples in order to try and establish the causal mechanisms for disease development, potential therapeutic targets and to relate clinical...

 Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer /  Velindre Cancer Centre

Posted 2 months ago by Wales Gene Park

The FAST Trial Registry is a prospective observational cohort study of fetuses with a new diagnosis of atrial flutter (AF) or supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) that is severe enough to consider prenatal treatment (see eligibility criteria below). Aims of the Registry include to establish a large clinical database to determine and compare the efficacy and safety of different prenatal treatment strategies including observation without immediate treatment, transplacental antiarrhythmic fetal treatment and direct fetal treatment from the time of tachycardia diagnosis to death, neonatal hospital discharge or to a maximum of 30 days after birth.

 Cardiff

Posted 2 months ago by Wales Gene Park

The main purpose of this study is : To establish which number of doses of gemtuzumab ozogamicin (up to a maximum of 3 doses) is tolerated and can be safety delivered in combination with cytarabine plus mitoxantrone or liposomal daunorubicin in induction To compare mitoxantrone (anthracenedione) & cytarabine with liposomal daunorubicin (anthracycline) & cytarabine as induction therapy. (Randomisation 1 (R1) closed early to recruitment on 8th September 2017, due to liposomal daunorubicin manufacturing issues resulting in unavailability of the drug.) To compare a single dose of gemtuzumab ozogamicin with the optimum tolerated number of doses of gemtuzumab ozogamicin (identified by the dose-finding study) when combined with induction chemotherapy. To compare two consolidation regimens: high dose cytarabine (HD Ara-C) and fludarabine & cytarabine (FLA) in standard risk patients. To compare the toxicity and effectiveness of two haemopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) conditioning regimens of different intensity: conventional myeloablative conditioning (MAC) with...

 Acute myeloid leukaemia /  Noah's Ark Children's Hospital for Wales

Posted 3 months ago by Wales Gene Park

The AML18 Trial will evaluate several relevant therapeutic questions in Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML), as defined by the WHO, and High Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome. The trial is primarily designed for patients over 60 years considered fit for an intensive chemotherapeutic approach, but younger patients who may not be considered suitable for the concurrent NCRI AML Trial for younger patients may also enter. Patients for whom intensive chemotherapy is not thought suitable may enter the concurrent NCRI trial of less intensive therapy (LI1). Approximately 1600 patients will be recruited. At entry, a randomisation will compare a standard chemotherapy schedule DA (Daunorubicin/Ara-C) combined with 1 dose of Mylotarg (gemtuzumab ozogamicin, or GO) in course 1 against CPX-351. Patients who have known adverse risk cytogenetics (using Grimwade 2010 classification favourable/intermediate/adverse) at diagnosis may enter a Phase 2 evaluation of the combination of Vosaroxin plus Decitabine. Patients who achieve complete remission (CR) and who...

 Acute myeloid leukaemia /  University Hospital of Wales

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

This study will evaluate the efficacy, safety, and biomarker effects of RO7234292 (RG6042) compared with placebo in patients with manifest Huntington's disease (HD).

 Huntington's Disease /  Cardiff

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

This study will evaluate the long-term safety and tolerability of RO7234292 (RG6042) in participants who have completed other F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Ltd.-sponsored and/or Genentech-sponsored studies in the Huntington's disease (HD) in the development program for RG6042. Entry into the study should occur at the time the participant completes participation in one of the preceding studies. Upon completion of the inclusion visit, eligible patients will receive either RO7234292 (RG6042) every 8 weeks (Q8W) or RO7234292 (RG6042) every 16 weeks (Q16W) by bolus intrathecal injection.

 Huntington's Disease /  Cardiff

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) can be used to take a variety of pictures of the brain. Researchers at Cardiff University have developed new methods to look in more detail at each of the brain regions. They are conducting a study that aims to improve their understanding of these new measurements, and how they relate to changes in the brain. To achieve this, they plan to carry out scans of healthy volunteers and of patients with movement disorders.  They aim to recruit 20 people diagnosed with movement disorders and 20 healthy volunteers, and are specifically looking to include patients with SCA2 and SCA6. The researchers hope that this study will contribute towards being better able to monitor individuals with movement disorders, specifically ataxias, and may be helpful when planning future trials. Participants would need to travel to Cardiff but travel expenses will be provided

 Ataxia /  Cardiff

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

ATLANTIS: A trial of more treatment after chemotherapy for advanced urinary tract cancer  

 Urological Cancers /  Cardiff

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

IMPORT: A study looking at improving treatment for children with kidney cancer This study will collect information about children diagnosed with kidney cancer (renal cancer) such as Wilms’ tumour, to help with decisions about treatment in the future.

 Paediatric Cancers /  Cardiff

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

FOCUS4: A trial looking at different treatments for different types of bowel cancer Not all bowel cancers are the same and tests can be done on tumour samples from patients with bowel cancer that may help select the best treatment for that individual patient. There are a number of new cancer drugs that may be more beneficial in one type of bowel cancer than another. The FOCUS4 trial programme aims to recruit over 1500 patients at centres across the UK to evaluate how well these new cancer drugs work in different types of bowel cancer. Patients diagnosed with bowel cancer which is not removable by surgery or has spread to elsewhere in their body will be invited to join this programme of trials. Patients who decide to join will be started on a course of chemotherapy (a form of drug treatment aimed to kill the cancer cells) for up to...

 Rare Bowel Cancers /  Cardiff University

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

ACTICCA-1: A trial of chemotherapy after surgery for cancer of the bile duct or gallbladder This trial is for people whose cancer has been removed or is due to be removed with an operation. It is open to people whose cancer hasn’t spread to another part of the body.

 Cardiff

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

This trial is for people whose acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) has come back or continued to grow following their first or second treatment.

 Acute myeloid leukaemia /  Cardiff

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

The DOMINO-HD study (Multi-Domain Lifestyle Targets for Improving ProgNOsis) is exploring how digital technologies, such as wearable fitness trackers, can be used to support people with Huntington’s disease (HD). Huntington’s disease (HD) is an inherited neurological condition that causes difficulties with movement and coordination. It also causes cognitive impairment that gets worse over time. Symptoms usually develop when people are between 30 and 50 years old and dementia can occur at any stage of the condition. There are currently no treatments for the condition. Current research suggests strong potential for improving quality of life for those living with neurodegenerative diseases, such as HD, with novel health and social care concepts, and innovations focusing on the preservation of dignity, independence and social inclusion. However, the availability and quality of such services vary considerably across Europe and beyond. The programme seeking to improve quality of life for people with Huntington’s disease. Huntington’s is a...

 Huntington's Disease /  Cardiff University

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Many cancers have hijacked growth factor receptors and or downstream signalling components through mutations that render the pathway constantly active and so drive cancer cells division. Over the last decade, drugs have been introduced that simultaneously inhibit multiple growth factor pathways (such as tyrosine kinase receptor inhibitors), single pathways (vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, transforming growth factor beta receptor, epidermal growth factor receptor and hedgehog pathway antagonists), mutated targets (B-Raf inhibitors), and downstream signalling targets (MEK inhibitors). While malignancies in patients often demonstrate an initial response to these drugs, cancer recurrence is frequently observed. My group over the last five years has defined cancer stem cells (CaSC) in the two commonest skin cancers, using internationally agreed assays. We have shown in high impact scientific publications that basal cell carcinoma (BCC) CaSC are resistant to both conventional chemotherapy and the recently approved growth factor inhibitor vismodegib. Microarray analysis of treated and...

 Oncology /  Cardiff University

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

A study looking at improving treatment for children and young people with medulloblastoma (PNET5 MB) The PNET 5 study has been designed for children and young people aged from 3 yrs to 22 yrs with standard risk medulloblastoma who have undergone surgery to remove the primary tumour. The presence of biological markers of the WNT medulloblastoma disease subgroup (mutation of the beta-catenin gene, or presence of the beta-catenin protein and loss of chromosome 6) and aged < 16 defines the patient as Low Risk biological profile. The presence of the WNT markers and aged 16 and over, or the absence of the WNT markers defines the patient as Standard Risk biological profile. Low risk group patients will receive reduced doses of radiotherapy (compared to previous study PNET 4) to the brain and spine every day for 10 days, together with boost doses to the primary tumour for a further 20...

 Classic medulloblastoma /  Cardiff

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Cerebra is a charity who support children across the UK with brain conditions, working in partnership with Cardiff University, they are dedicated to improving mental health services and information available to children with rare genetic developmental conditions such as DiGeorge Syndrome and Kleefstra Syndrome which cause individuals to experience neurodevelopmental problems. They are looking for parents of children with genetic developmental conditions, as well as voluntary support workers and clinicians who support these children and individuals involved in health care policy development and implementation to join their project advisory group. The group will meet around 3 times a year for members to discuss the projects development and give their input on how we should progress going forward. We feel that getting this level of input from representatives of these groups is extremely important to the success of our work so, please do not hesitate to contact Lowri O’Donovan, Research Associate...

 Intellectual disabilities and developmental delay /  Cardiff

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

We will undertake a prospective study of adult MAP patients with confirmed bi-allelic mutations across collaborating European centres. Data from upper GI surveillance procedures including endoscopy and histopathology findings will be collated as an ongoing process by the Institute of Medical Genetics, Cardiff, UK where it will entered into a database and stored safely. We will also collect prospectively data on other incident cancers diagnosed in these patients. All causes of death and all dates of death will be recorded. Recruitment of patients from the European centres and consent will be obtained using local procedures, and ethical approval will be obtained in each country. As MAP is a rare disorder, and the interval between surveillance procedures may be as much as 5 years, this study is planned to take place over 20 years.

 MUTYH-Associated Adenomatous Polyposis (MAP) /  Cardiff University

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Analysis of genes and their functions in patients with primary lymphoedema The aim of this study is to Identify new genes linked with unexplained lymphoedema

 Milroy Disease /  University Hospital of Wales

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

The Genetics of Endocrine Tumours is an observational clinical trial. The study currently has 500 families and 3000 sporadic subjects recruited from almost 50 NHS sites around the country. Any patient with a pituitary tumour is eligible to enrol, though we are particularly interested in the cohort of familial isolated pituitary adenoma (FIPA) patients. FIPA accounts for around 5% of pituitary adenomas with 20% of these patients having a mutation in the gene Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Interacting protein (AIP). Our study has helped to characterise AIP and other novel genes that contribute to pituitary tumorigenesis. We are lucky to receive regular bloods and fresh tissue from pituitary tumour patients which are used for DNA/RNA analysis, tissue culture and in-vivo models.

 Genetics /  Cardiff University

Posted 3 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Randomised phase II Trial of olaparib, chemotherapy or olaparib and cediranib in patients with BRCA mutated platinum–resistant ovarian cancer Women with platinum resistant ovarian cancer (OC) have limited responses to standard therapy, and clinical trials with novel agents are therefore highly justified. Olaparib is a potent PARP inhibitor that has shown enhanced activity in women with relapsed BRCA-mutated OC in both platinum sensitive and resistant settings. Angiogenesis inhibitors, such as the oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor cediranib, are active in OC, and have shown additive effects when combined with PARP inhibitors preclinically, as hypoxia-induced downregulation of homologous recombination repair genes, BRCA1, 2 and RAD51 enhances PARP inhibitor sensitivity. Recent phase 2 trials in relapsed platinum-sensitive OC have also shown benefit from the combination of olaparib and cediranib compared to olaparib alone. The OCTOVA trial investigates the benefit of single agent olaparib compared to olaparib and cediranib or weekly paclitaxel in women...

 Familial ovarian cancer /  Velindre Cancer Centre

Posted 3 years ago by Wales Gene Park

ARIEL 4: A Phase 3 Multicenter, Open-label, Randomized Study of Rucaparib versus Chemotherapy in Patients with Relapsed, High-Grade Epithelial Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, or Primary Peritoneal Cancer Globally, ovarian cancer is the eighth most common cancer and the seventh leading cause of cancer death among women. Cancer is caused by changes to genes that control the way our cells function. Chemical substances and other formulations are used in treatment. Chemotherapy is a treatment where chemical substances are used to damage and kill cancer cells. An enzyme inhibitor is a molecule that binds to an enzyme, to help slow down a reaction or to prevent unwanted change. Inhibitors are used in cancer treatments for that purpose. Rucaparib is a molecule inhibitor of enzymes. The main purpose of this study is to evaluate safety, disease status and progression-free survival of Rucaparib versus standard chemotherapy for treatment of certain ovarian, fallopian tube and primary...

 Malignant tumor of fallopian tubes /  Velindre Cancer Centre

Posted 3 years ago by Wales Gene Park

We propose to study a group of genetic conditions, called RAS¬MAPK pathway disorders, in which high rates of congenital abnormalities, learning difficulties, short stature and other health and developmental problems occur (including childhood tumours). The incidence of these various problems is not yet fully known in the different conditions. This study seeks to find out how common these different features are across the conditions. Changes in many different genes cause these disorders. The proteins that these genes code for all work together in a biochemical pathway, called the RAS¬MAPK pathway. We will examine what particular problems are associated with particular changes (mutations) in each of the genes. Some patients with these conditions do not currently have a known genetic reason for their condition, and we shall seek to identify new genes for these conditions. To do this, a group of patients will be studied, and blood and, where available, other...

 RAS-MAPK pathway /  Cardiff University

Posted 3 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Challenge: A Phase III Study Of The Impact Of A Physical Activity Program On Disease-Free Survival In Patients With High Risk Stage II Or Stage III Colon Cancer: A Randomised Controlled Trial CHALLENGE aims to determine whether a supervised physical activity (PA) programme in patients with high risk Stage II or Stage III colon cancer will improve 3- year disease-free survival (DFS) in comparison to standard care. The impact on patient-reported outcome measures (PROMS) and quality of life will also be assessed. There is compelling observational data that PA is associated with colon cancer incidence, recurrence, survival, and quality of life. The trial arms are: Intervention: A 36 month structured physical activity programme comprising supervised physical activity sessions and behaviour support sessions and provision of general health education materials (on diet and exercise). Standard Care: Provision of general health education materials on diet and exercise only.

 Rare Non-specific /  Velindre Cancer Centre

Posted 3 years ago by Wales Gene Park

The immune system is complex and involves many chemicals, including type I interferon. The system must be finely balanced as too much interferon can itself cause ill health. Indeed, a change in one of several different genes can cause too much interferon to be produced. The problems that occur due to this differ depending upon which gene is changed, but can include problems with the brain, skin, lungs or bones. These conditions are called type I interferonopathies. For this study we are looking to collect detailed information about the long-term effects of having one of these types of conditions. We hope that by gaining more information about how these types of conditions develop, we will be able to provide better counselling for patients who have been diagnosed and also to design better treatments in the future. We will be approaching patients in 2 ways: New patients that present to their...

 Type I interferonopathies /  Cardiff University

Posted 3 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Relapse (the chance of disease coming back after treatment) is very high in acute myeloid leukaemia even after  curative approaches with intensive chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation. The bone marrow  microenvironment which includes the stromal cells (MSC) surrounding the blood cells/leukaemia cells is thought to  be a key player in chemotherapy resistance and acts as a sanctuary site for minimal residual disease (MRD) from  which relapse may occur. Once MRD is detectable, frank relapse is likely within a short time-frame affording  insufficient time for effective salvage interventions. In addition, a large proportion of patients there is no informative  MRD marker thus disease relapse can occur with little warning. In this study, we aim to investigate the role of patient  MSC in protecting AML cells at different stages of treatment including post chemotherapy and after stem cell  transplantation. By developing a 3D dynamic model of leukaemia-stroma interactions which can better mimic...

 Acute myeloid leukaemia /  Cardiff University

Posted 3 years ago by Wales Gene Park

PHAZAR: A phase Ib study to assess the safety and tolerability of oral Ruxolitinib in combination with 5-azacitidine in patients with advanced phase myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), including myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) or acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) arising from MPN. Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPNs) are uncommon diseases that in some cases will progress to an acute leukaemia which is very difficult to treat. As this often happens to older people, most patients are unsuitable for bone marrow transplant therapy. There are few other treatment options for these patients and survival is only around 6 months. This trial will combine a treatment (ruxolitinib) that is effective at symptom control and may confer a survival advantage in myelofibrosis (an MPN) with azacitidine, a treatment that has proven activity in patients with some types of myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukaemia. As these two treatments have not been used together before, the trial will consist of...

 Myelodysplasic Syndromes /  Cardiff University

Posted 3 years ago by Wales Gene Park

EMBRACE: Epidemiological study of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers This study collects information about people who have inherited faulty breast cancer genes. A small number of men and women have inherited faulty genes which means that they at an increased risk of developing certain cancers. Two of these genes are called BRCA1 and BRCA2. When someone has a fault in these genes they are more likely to develop cancers of the breast, ovary or prostate. The EMBRACE study, which stands for Epidemiological Study of Familial Breast Cancer, aims to create a register of families who have a fault in these genes. The people taking part will be asked to fill in a questionnaire and to give a small sample of blood, which will be looked at in a laboratory. With this information they hope to find out How many people go on to develop cancer What other factors may play a part...

 BRCA1 and BRCA2 /  Cardiff

Posted 3 years ago by Wales Gene Park

We are carrying out research into conditions that affect the brain and / or the immune system. The disorders that we are interested in most likely arise due to changes in genes (or DNA); genes are like recipe books, telling the cells in our body how to make chemicals called proteins. The aim of our work is to understand how changes in the genes and proteins involved in these conditions cause disease. This is not understood at present, and so this research will provide new and important information. We believe that a better understanding of the cause of these diseases will bring us closer to developing ‘smart’ treatments for people affected by, or at risk of, these genetic conditions. The study is likely to take several years to complete and there may be no direct benefit from this research to your child. There would also not be any financial benefit....

 Neurology /  University Hospital of Wales

Posted 3 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Huntington’s disease (HD) commonly begins in mid-life. However, research over the last 20 years has demonstrated that subtle behavioural and cognitive changes can occur 10 years or more before a formal clinical diagnosis is made, and recent studies have demonstrated the presence of changes on brain imaging 20 years prior to predicted onset of the disease in individuals who are clinically completely normal. This has prompted the question “is the brain ever normal in HD?”. Answering this question and characterising any such changes will be important for A full understanding of the genetic and cellular processes leading to the death of specific brain cells in HD Revealing new therapeutic targets Judging the stage at which various disease-modifying treatments (once available) should be used in clinical trials With the promise of disease-modifying treatments on the horizon, ranging from drugs to infusions of RNAi/ASOs (molecules to suppress the formation of the toxic mutant...

 Huntington's Disease /  Cardiff University

Posted 3 years ago by Wales Gene Park

A prospective study of Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura in the UK This is a UK based registry, involving all sites treating newly presenting Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP). From this registry, important epidemiological data will be obtained. Admission and remission samples will be collected. DNA will be collected and analysed from patients wishing to participate to determine if any link exists between mutations/polymorphisms and the risk of TTP. As part of NHS commissioning, this study will be undertaking long term follow up, to understand the impact of acute TTP on morbidity and mortality.

 Immune thrombocytopenia /  University Hospital of Wales

Posted 3 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Enroll-HD is a global observational study for Huntington’s disease families The purpose of this study is to collect information from study participants, allowing researchers to understand more about the disease, with the aim of accelerating the discovery and development of potential treatments for Huntington's Disease (HD). It will monitor how the disease appears and changes over time in different people; those who have a clinical diagnosis and those who are at-risk of developing the disease. ENROLL-HD also collects information from HD family members and carers.  

 Huntington's Disease /  Cardiff University


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