Cardiff University

Posted 5 months ago by Wales Gene Park

The aim of the study is to create an international database of psychiatric and cognitive data on children with 22q11.2 deletion, 22q11.2 duplication, as well as 16p11.2 deletion and duplication. The project is led by the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. Cardiff University is the coordinating site for the United Kingdom.

 Genetics /  Cardiff University

Posted 3 years ago by Wales Gene Park

FOCUS4: A trial looking at different treatments for different types of bowel cancer Not all bowel cancers are the same and tests can be done on tumour samples from patients with bowel cancer that may help select the best treatment for that individual patient. There are a number of new cancer drugs that may be more beneficial in one type of bowel cancer than another. The FOCUS4 trial programme aims to recruit over 1500 patients at centres across the UK to evaluate how well these new cancer drugs work in different types of bowel cancer. Patients diagnosed with bowel cancer which is not removable by surgery or has spread to elsewhere in their body will be invited to join this programme of trials. Patients who decide to join will be started on a course of chemotherapy (a form of drug treatment aimed to kill the cancer cells) for up to...

 Rare Bowel Cancers /  Cardiff University

Posted 3 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Many cancers have hijacked growth factor receptors and or downstream signalling components through mutations that render the pathway constantly active and so drive cancer cells division. Over the last decade, drugs have been introduced that simultaneously inhibit multiple growth factor pathways (such as tyrosine kinase receptor inhibitors), single pathways (vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, transforming growth factor beta receptor, epidermal growth factor receptor and hedgehog pathway antagonists), mutated targets (B-Raf inhibitors), and downstream signalling targets (MEK inhibitors). While malignancies in patients often demonstrate an initial response to these drugs, cancer recurrence is frequently observed. My group over the last five years has defined cancer stem cells (CaSC) in the two commonest skin cancers, using internationally agreed assays. We have shown in high impact scientific publications that basal cell carcinoma (BCC) CaSC are resistant to both conventional chemotherapy and the recently approved growth factor inhibitor vismodegib. Microarray analysis of treated and...

 Oncology /  Cardiff University

Posted 3 years ago by Wales Gene Park

We will undertake a prospective study of adult MAP patients with confirmed bi-allelic mutations across collaborating European centres. Data from upper GI surveillance procedures including endoscopy and histopathology findings will be collated as an ongoing process by the Institute of Medical Genetics, Cardiff, UK where it will entered into a database and stored safely. We will also collect prospectively data on other incident cancers diagnosed in these patients. All causes of death and all dates of death will be recorded. Recruitment of patients from the European centres and consent will be obtained using local procedures, and ethical approval will be obtained in each country. As MAP is a rare disorder, and the interval between surveillance procedures may be as much as 5 years, this study is planned to take place over 20 years.

 MUTYH-Associated Adenomatous Polyposis (MAP) /  Cardiff University

Posted 3 years ago by Wales Gene Park

The Genetics of Endocrine Tumours is an observational clinical trial. The study currently has 500 families and 3000 sporadic subjects recruited from almost 50 NHS sites around the country. Any patient with a pituitary tumour is eligible to enrol, though we are particularly interested in the cohort of familial isolated pituitary adenoma (FIPA) patients. FIPA accounts for around 5% of pituitary adenomas with 20% of these patients having a mutation in the gene Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Interacting protein (AIP). Our study has helped to characterise AIP and other novel genes that contribute to pituitary tumorigenesis. We are lucky to receive regular bloods and fresh tissue from pituitary tumour patients which are used for DNA/RNA analysis, tissue culture and in-vivo models.

 Genetics /  Cardiff University

Posted 3 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Relapse (the chance of disease coming back after treatment) is very high in acute myeloid leukaemia even after  curative approaches with intensive chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation. The bone marrow  microenvironment which includes the stromal cells (MSC) surrounding the blood cells/leukaemia cells is thought to  be a key player in chemotherapy resistance and acts as a sanctuary site for minimal residual disease (MRD) from  which relapse may occur. Once MRD is detectable, frank relapse is likely within a short time-frame affording  insufficient time for effective salvage interventions. In addition, a large proportion of patients there is no informative  MRD marker thus disease relapse can occur with little warning. In this study, we aim to investigate the role of patient  MSC in protecting AML cells at different stages of treatment including post chemotherapy and after stem cell  transplantation. By developing a 3D dynamic model of leukaemia-stroma interactions which can better mimic...

 Acute myeloid leukaemia /  Cardiff University

Posted 3 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Huntington’s disease (HD) commonly begins in mid-life. However, research over the last 20 years has demonstrated that subtle behavioural and cognitive changes can occur 10 years or more before a formal clinical diagnosis is made, and recent studies have demonstrated the presence of changes on brain imaging 20 years prior to predicted onset of the disease in individuals who are clinically completely normal. This has prompted the question “is the brain ever normal in HD?”. Answering this question and characterising any such changes will be important for A full understanding of the genetic and cellular processes leading to the death of specific brain cells in HD Revealing new therapeutic targets Judging the stage at which various disease-modifying treatments (once available) should be used in clinical trials With the promise of disease-modifying treatments on the horizon, ranging from drugs to infusions of RNAi/ASOs (molecules to suppress the formation of the toxic mutant...

 Huntington's Disease /  Cardiff University

Posted 3 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Enroll-HD is a global observational study for Huntington’s disease families The purpose of this study is to collect information from study participants, allowing researchers to understand more about the disease, with the aim of accelerating the discovery and development of potential treatments for Huntington's Disease (HD). It will monitor how the disease appears and changes over time in different people; those who have a clinical diagnosis and those who are at-risk of developing the disease. ENROLL-HD also collects information from HD family members and carers.  

 Huntington's Disease /  Cardiff University


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