Velindre Cancer Centre

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Response to Optimal Selection of neo-adjuvant Chemotherapy in Operable breast cancer: A randomised phase III, stratified biomarker trial of neoadjuvant 5- Fluorouracil, Epirubicin and Cyclophosphamide vs Docetaxel and Cyclophosphamide chemotherapy (ROSCO) Doctors often give chemotherapy first to help shrink tumours before surgery for breast cancer. If you have invasive breast cancer you might be offered a combination of drugs that includes a taxane such as docetaxel (also called Taxotere). Or you might have combination that includes an anthracycline such as epirubicin. At the moment, doctors usually give both drugs one after the other. These drugs work in different ways to kill cancer cells. For some people epirubicin works well and for other people docetaxel works well. But doctors aren’t sure which drugs work best for which people. All drugs have side effects and doctors don’t want to give drugs that people don’t need. In this trial, researchers are looking at...

 Hereditary breast cancer /  Velindre Cancer Centre

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Randomised phase II Trial of olaparib, chemotherapy or olaparib and cediranib in patients with BRCA mutated platinum–resistant ovarian cancer Women with platinum resistant ovarian cancer (OC) have limited responses to standard therapy, and clinical trials with novel agents are therefore highly justified. Olaparib is a potent PARP inhibitor that has shown enhanced activity in women with relapsed BRCA-mutated OC in both platinum sensitive and resistant settings. Angiogenesis inhibitors, such as the oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor cediranib, are active in OC, and have shown additive effects when combined with PARP inhibitors preclinically, as hypoxia-induced downregulation of homologous recombination repair genes, BRCA1, 2 and RAD51 enhances PARP inhibitor sensitivity. Recent phase 2 trials in relapsed platinum-sensitive OC have also shown benefit from the combination of olaparib and cediranib compared to olaparib alone. The OCTOVA trial investigates the benefit of single agent olaparib compared to olaparib and cediranib or weekly paclitaxel in women...

 Familial ovarian cancer /  Velindre Cancer Centre

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

ARIEL 4: A Phase 3 Multicenter, Open-label, Randomized Study of Rucaparib versus Chemotherapy in Patients with Relapsed, High-Grade Epithelial Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, or Primary Peritoneal Cancer Globally, ovarian cancer is the eighth most common cancer and the seventh leading cause of cancer death among women. Cancer is caused by changes to genes that control the way our cells function. Chemical substances and other formulations are used in treatment. Chemotherapy is a treatment where chemical substances are used to damage and kill cancer cells. An enzyme inhibitor is a molecule that binds to an enzyme, to help slow down a reaction or to prevent unwanted change. Inhibitors are used in cancer treatments for that purpose. Rucaparib is a molecule inhibitor of enzymes. The main purpose of this study is to evaluate safety, disease status and progression-free survival of Rucaparib versus standard chemotherapy for treatment of certain ovarian, fallopian tube and primary...

 Malignant tumor of fallopian tubes /  Velindre Cancer Centre

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

National Lung Matrix Trial: Multi-drug, genetic marker-directed, non-comparative, multi-centre, multi-arm phase II trial in non-small cell lung cancer The trial consists of a series of parallel multi-centre single arm Phase II trial arms, each testing an experimental targeted drug in a population stratified by multiple pre-specified actionable target putative biomarkers. The primary objective is to evaluate whether there is a signal of activity in each drug-(putative)biomarker cohort separately. A Bayesian adaptive design is adopted to achieve this objective. The trial is primarily an enrichment putative biomarker design, including patients who are positive for at least on of the actionable targets included in the trial. Patients who are positive for just one putative biomarker will receive the experimental targeted drug specific for that putative biomarker. Putative biomarkers within each drug cohort have been chosen such that in the majority of cases it is not expected that patients will be positive for...

 Non-small cell lung cancer /  Velindre Cancer Centre

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Challenge: A Phase III Study Of The Impact Of A Physical Activity Program On Disease-Free Survival In Patients With High Risk Stage II Or Stage III Colon Cancer: A Randomised Controlled Trial CHALLENGE aims to determine whether a supervised physical activity (PA) programme in patients with high risk Stage II or Stage III colon cancer will improve 3- year disease-free survival (DFS) in comparison to standard care. The impact on patient-reported outcome measures (PROMS) and quality of life will also be assessed. There is compelling observational data that PA is associated with colon cancer incidence, recurrence, survival, and quality of life. The trial arms are: Intervention: A 36 month structured physical activity programme comprising supervised physical activity sessions and behaviour support sessions and provision of general health education materials (on diet and exercise). Standard Care: Provision of general health education materials on diet and exercise only.

 Rare Non-specific /  Velindre Cancer Centre

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