Velindre Cancer Centre

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Randomised phase II Trial of olaparib, chemotherapy or olaparib and cediranib in patients with BRCA mutated platinum–resistant ovarian cancer Women with platinum resistant ovarian cancer (OC) have limited responses to standard therapy, and clinical trials with novel agents are therefore highly justified. Olaparib is a potent PARP inhibitor that has shown enhanced activity in women with relapsed BRCA-mutated OC in both platinum sensitive and resistant settings. Angiogenesis inhibitors, such as the oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor cediranib, are active in OC, and have shown additive effects when combined with PARP inhibitors preclinically, as hypoxia-induced downregulation of homologous recombination repair genes, BRCA1, 2 and RAD51 enhances PARP inhibitor sensitivity. Recent phase 2 trials in relapsed platinum-sensitive OC have also shown benefit from the combination of olaparib and cediranib compared to olaparib alone. The OCTOVA trial investigates the benefit of single agent olaparib compared to olaparib and cediranib or weekly paclitaxel in women...

 Familial ovarian cancer /  Velindre Cancer Centre

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

ARIEL 4: A Phase 3 Multicenter, Open-label, Randomized Study of Rucaparib versus Chemotherapy in Patients with Relapsed, High-Grade Epithelial Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, or Primary Peritoneal Cancer Globally, ovarian cancer is the eighth most common cancer and the seventh leading cause of cancer death among women. Cancer is caused by changes to genes that control the way our cells function. Chemical substances and other formulations are used in treatment. Chemotherapy is a treatment where chemical substances are used to damage and kill cancer cells. An enzyme inhibitor is a molecule that binds to an enzyme, to help slow down a reaction or to prevent unwanted change. Inhibitors are used in cancer treatments for that purpose. Rucaparib is a molecule inhibitor of enzymes. The main purpose of this study is to evaluate safety, disease status and progression-free survival of Rucaparib versus standard chemotherapy for treatment of certain ovarian, fallopian tube and primary...

 Malignant tumor of fallopian tubes /  Velindre Cancer Centre

Posted 2 years ago by Wales Gene Park

Challenge: A Phase III Study Of The Impact Of A Physical Activity Program On Disease-Free Survival In Patients With High Risk Stage II Or Stage III Colon Cancer: A Randomised Controlled Trial CHALLENGE aims to determine whether a supervised physical activity (PA) programme in patients with high risk Stage II or Stage III colon cancer will improve 3- year disease-free survival (DFS) in comparison to standard care. The impact on patient-reported outcome measures (PROMS) and quality of life will also be assessed. There is compelling observational data that PA is associated with colon cancer incidence, recurrence, survival, and quality of life. The trial arms are: Intervention: A 36 month structured physical activity programme comprising supervised physical activity sessions and behaviour support sessions and provision of general health education materials (on diet and exercise). Standard Care: Provision of general health education materials on diet and exercise only.

 Rare Non-specific /  Velindre Cancer Centre

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