Trial to Test the Effects of Adding 1 of 2 New Treatment Agents to Commonly Used Chemotherapy Combinations (AML18)

 Acute myeloid leukaemia / Posted 3 weeks ago

The AML18 Trial will evaluate several relevant therapeutic questions in Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML), as defined by the WHO, and High Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome. The trial is primarily designed for patients over 60 years considered fit for an intensive chemotherapeutic approach, but younger patients who may not be considered suitable for the concurrent NCRI AML Trial for younger patients may also enter. Patients for whom intensive chemotherapy is not thought suitable may enter the concurrent NCRI trial of less intensive therapy (LI1). Approximately 1600 patients will be recruited.

At entry, a randomisation will compare a standard chemotherapy schedule DA (Daunorubicin/Ara-C) combined with 1 dose of Mylotarg (gemtuzumab ozogamicin, or GO) in course 1 against CPX-351. Patients who have known adverse risk cytogenetics (using Grimwade 2010 classification favourable/intermediate/adverse) at diagnosis may enter a Phase 2 evaluation of the combination of Vosaroxin plus Decitabine. Patients who achieve complete remission (CR) and who are MRD negative by flow cytometry after course one of DA will receive one further course of DA, with a randomisation to receive, either a course of DA or intermediate dose Cytarabine (IDAC) as a third course. Patients who are MRD negative by flow cytometry after course one of CPX-351 will receive up to 2 further course of CPX. Patients who fail to achieve a CR after course 1 of DA or who are MRD positive by flow cytometry or for whom MRD information is not available, are eligible to be randomised to compare DA with DA plus Cladribine (DAC) or FLAG-Ida for up to two courses of therapy. Patients who fail to achieve a CR after course 1 of CPX-351 or who are MRD positive by flow cytometry or for whom MRD information is not available are eligible to be randomised between a second course of standard dose CPX versus a repeat of the course 1 schedule. Patients receiving Vosaroxin and Decitabine are excluded from these post course 1 randomisations .

Following the outcome of course 1, patients who received DA chemotherapy on course 1 will be randomised to receive further chemotherapy with the 2nd generation FLT3 inhibitor AC220. Patients randomised to AC220 will be allocated a maximum of 3 courses (short AC220) or 3 courses plus maintenance for 1 year (long AC220). Patients receiving Vosaroxin and Decitabine are excluded from this randomisation.

Patients will be eligible for a non-intensive allogeneic stem cell transplant if a suitable HLA matched donor is available.

  • Inclusion Criteria : Ages Eligible for Study: 60 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult) Sexes Eligible for Study: All Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No
    • They have one of the forms of acute myeloid leukaemia, except Acute Promyelocytic Leukaemia as defined by the WHO Classification (Appendix A) this can be any type of de novo or secondary AML - or high risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome, defined as greater than 10% marrow blasts (RAEB-2). (NB patients with prior MDS (>10% blasts, RAEB2) have received azacitidine are not eligible for the trial, but patients with <10% who have failed a hypomethylating agent and developed AML may enter the trial).
    • Patients should normally be over the age of 60, but patients under this age are eligible if they are not considered eligible for the MRC AML19 trial please contact the trial team for further information.
    • Patients entering the Vosaroxin/Decitabine arm must be over the age of 60 and have known adverse risk cytogenetics.
    • They have given written informed consent.
    • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 × ULN (upper limit of normal)
    • Sexually mature males must agree to use an adequate and medically accepted method of contraception throughout the study if their sexual partners are women of child bearing potential (WOCBP). Men should be advised to not father a child while receiving trial treatment. Similarly women must agree to adequate contraceptive measures and avoid becoming pregnant while on protocol treatment. In both males and females these measures must be in place for at least 3 months following completion of Decitabine and at least 6 months after the last administration of Cladribine. The time period following treatment with Decitabine where it is safe to become pregnant is unknown. In the event of pregnancy at any point during the trial, the IMPs should be immediately stopped and the Trial Team should be contacted and pregnancy reporting procedures followed.
    • ECOG Performance Status of 0-2
  • Exclusion Criteria : Patients are not eligible for the AML18 trial if:
    • They have previously received cytotoxic chemotherapy for AML [Hydroxycarbamide, or similar low-dose therapy, to control the white count prior to initiation of intensive therapy, is not an exclusion]
    • They are in blast transformation of chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML)
    • They have a concurrent active malignancy excluding basal cell carcinoma
    • They are pregnant or lactating
    • They have Acute Promyelocytic Leukaemia
    • Known infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    • Patients with prior cumulative anthracycline exposure (from prior treatment of a non AML cancer) of greater than 300 mg/m2 daunorubicin (or equivalent).
    • History of myocardial infarction (MI), unstable angina, cerebrovascular accident, or transient ischemic attack (CVA/TIA) within 3 months before entry Specific exclusion criteria for the Mylotarg Arm
    • Pre-existing liver impairment with known cirrhosis
    • Total bilirubin > 1.5 x the upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) > 2.5 x ULN
    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) > 2.5 x ULN Specific exclusion criteria for the Vosaroxin/Decitabine Entry
    • Total bilirubin > 1.5 x the upper limit of normal (ULN),
    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) > 2.5 x ULN
    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) > 2.5 x ULN
    • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 40% by multiple gated acquisition (MUGA) scan or echocardiogram (ECHO)] Specific exclusion criteria for CPX-351 treatment
    • Hypersensitivity to cytarabine, daunorubicin or liposomal products
    • History of Wilson's disease or other copper-metabolism disorder Specific exclusion criteria for Cladribine
    • Patient's serum creatinine must be within the local ULN to enter the randomisation. Patients for whom this is not the case can be randomised between the remaining options. In addition patients are not eligible for the AC220 randomisation if they have: Cardiovascular System Exclusion Criteria: Known serious cardiac illness or medical conditions, including but not limited to: I. Clinically unstable cardiac disease, including unstable atrial fibrillation, symptomatic bradycardia, unstable congestive heart failure, active myocardial ischemia, or indwelling temporary pacemaker II. Ventricular tachycardia or a supraventricular tachycardia that requires treatment with a Class Ia antiarrhythmic drug (e.g., quinidine, procainamide, disopyramide) or Class III antiarrhythmic drug (e.g., sotalol, amiodarone, dofetilide). Use of other antiarrhythmic drugs is permitted. III. Use of medications that have been linked to the occurrence of torsades de pointes (see Appendix for the list of such medications) IV. Second- or third-degree atrioventricular (AV) block unless treated with a permanent pacemaker V. Complete left bundle branch block (LBBB) VI. History of long QT Syndrome or a family member with this condition VII. Serum potassium, magnesium, and calcium levels not outside the laboratory's reference range VIII. QTc >450 ms (average of triplicate ECG recordings); a consistent method of QTc calculation must be used for each patient's QTc measurements. QTcF (Fridericia's formula) is preferred. Please see the trial website for QTcF calculator.
  • Study end date : 01/02/22
  • Wales-Based Study Contact : Sophie King 02922510527
  • Principal Investigator : Prof Nigel Russell - Cardiff University

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